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Lumbar kyphosis pregnancy

[Results] The alteration in pain level at rest and lumbar lordosis angle in the females revealed a statistical trend during pregnancy. Spearman's test showed positive correlations between body weight and trunk inclination during the second trimester, and between body weight and the kyphosis angle in the third trimester The incidences of anaemia, toxaemia of pregnancy, uterine inertia and prematurity were raised in kyphotic patients Spinal curvature demonstrated a tendency for lumbar kyphosis in pregnant women. Pregnancy may cause changes in spinal curvature and posture, which may in turn lead to relevant symptoms. Our data provide a basis for investigating the effects of spinal curvature and postural changes on symptoms during pregnancy

Lumbar Lordosis - What it is

Origin of Lumbar Lordosis in Pregnancy Pregnant women occasionally develop postural deformities normally associated with physical and hormonal changes during pregnancy. The changes include kyphosis and lordosis Primary pathology in lumbar spine leading to kyphosis in this region has overall effect on spinal balance and pelvic obliquity. Pregnancy in such deformed spine imposes special challenges in management. There is altered growth of gravid uterus and unpredictable delivery [ Definition and Classification Figure 1: Congenital kyphosis at the junction of the thoracic and lumbar spine. In the first six to eight weeks of embryonic life, a genetic mistake occurs that results in the failure of formation or failure of segmentation on the front part of one or more vertebral bodies and disc Pregnant women produce relaxin, a hormone that relaxes spinal and pelvic ligaments and joints to facilitate childbirth. Relaxin may cause some spinal instability, and this can cause low back pain. In fact, certain hormones produced during pregnancy can cause sacroiliac joint dysfunction, a condition that causes low back pain

Impact of pregnancy on back pain and body posture in wome

Kyphosis is an exaggerated, forward rounding of the back. It can occur at any age but is most common in older women. Age-related kyphosis is often due to weakness in the spinal bones that causes them to compress or crack. Other types of kyphosis can appear in infants or teens due to malformation of the spine or wedging of the spinal bones over. In our clinic, parturients often present with abnormal anatomical conditions such as scoliosis, hyperlordosis or kyphosis of the lumbar spine, severe obesity or local oedema, which can obscure anatomical landmarks. Additionally, hormonal changes during pregnancy result in an alteration in tissue consistency

KYPHOSIS COMPLICATING PREGNANCY - Chau - 1970 - BJOG: An

  1. I am a Dutch woman of 27 years old, I also have very severe Kyphosis. I am thinking about getting pregnant and searching for information but its hard to find any. I have been to the hospital to investigate whether it is genetic but they cant give me an answer on this. They also cant tell me how pregnancy under this circumstances developes
  2. Pregnant with Kyphosis. Bekah1892. Inactive. Posted 2/26/11. Hi all! I have a spinal condition called Kyphosis, which causes quite alot of discomfort during regular day to day life, however I'm now 26 weeks pregnant and its getting to be a real problem, interfering with my neck, shoulders and hip joints as well..
  3. The biomechanical risk factors listed above for causing low back pain during pregnancy are associated with lumbar lordosis, as well. Spinal postural parameters change according to a patient's lumbar lordosis and may include increased thoracic kyphosis, pelvic orientation, and sacral incidence
  4. Lumbar degenerative kyphosis, a sagittal plane disease, was first described by Takemitsu et al. [ 1] Normally, lordosis should be in the lumbar region. It is formed during infancy, and arose in connection with upright posture

Scheuermann's kyphosis is a developmental type of kyphosis, meaning that it occurs during growth. Wedging of the vertebrae causes this condition. The vertebrae are normally rectangular-shaped and stacked on top of one another like building blocks with a soft cushion in between each one The registered change was 7.4° in kyphosis angle, 8.4° in lordosis angle and 5.5° in vertical balance angle. The calculated ODI values were between moderate disability and severe disability (22 to 58 %). This case study presents that surface topography may be suitable for monitoring of spinal curvature and posture change in pregnant women

What is idiopathic scoliosis & symptoms for detect - Kypho

All about Post Pregnancy Lumbar Lordosis Pain - Prime

A: Flat-back syndrome is the loss of lumbar lordosis of the spine after one has scoliosis surgery. The normal lumbar curvature becomes flat, or you may even get a reverse curvature (called lumbar kyphosis). The condition is characterized by the inability to stand up straight, and typically patients will have back pain in their upper or lower spine Just as kyphosis often has no definite cause, there is no sure way to prevent the condition. If you are pregnant or could become pregnant, proper nutrition, prenatal care, and vitamins (especially folic acid) may help reduce the risk of your child being born with congenital kyphosis or other birth defect Kyphosis (kye-FOH-sis) makes a person's spine rounded so the back looks hunched over. Everyone has some rounding of the spine. But a larger rounding than normal can cause health problems like pain and breathing trouble. Doctors sometimes treat kyphosis with back braces and physical therapy. A larger curve might need surgery

Thoracic kyphosis is the rounding of the middle and upper spine. While it is normal for the thoracic spine to have a slight kyphotic (outward) curve compared to the lordotic (inward) curve of the lumbar spine, this rounding can sometimes become exaggerated A Guide To Know About Cervical Kyphosis. Many curves can be seen from the side of the spine. These curves work as a shock absorber and hold some weight from the body. Your spinal column is divided into the upper spine (neck), which is known as the cervical spine. The lower back is known as the lumbar spine, and it has inward curvature (lordosis) Kids can get cervical kyphosis in three ways: 1. They are born with it. This is called congenital cervical kyphosis. No one knows what causes it. Doctors do know that it has nothing to do with anything a mom did when she was pregnant. 2. Something goes wrong in the body. This is called acquired cervical kyphosis

Challenges in the Caesarean Section of a Severely Kyphotic

ith pregnancy-related back pain complaints and also highlights how a spinal tumor can mimic many common pregnancy symptoms. Case Description: This case describes the physical therapy (PT) management of a pregnant client presenting with thoracic and lumbopelvic pain. Initially, treatment focused on core and pelvic girdle strengthening along with postural retraining and stretching. The client. However, detailed knowledge of the pregnancy‐related variability of the anatomy of the lumbar spinal column and its flanking ligaments is not available. In our clinic, parturients often present with abnormal anatomical conditions such as scoliosis, hyperlordosis or kyphosis of the lumbar spine, severe obesity or local oedema, which can. Spinal fusion surgery does not automatically mean you can't have a normal pregnancy or delivery, but it could affect your likelihood of receiving an epidural with scoliosis. The concerns regarding scoliosis surgery and epidurals generally is in regards to the risks of inserting the epidural needle into an area with extensive surgical hardware

While some cases of kyphosis are actually caused by osteoporosis or other spinal abnormalities, in many cases this rounded posture can be fixed with the proper mix of stretching and strengthening. Try kyphosis exercises to target your postural muscles and to assist you in standing up taller Brief Answer: Get treated first and then plan pregnancy Detailed Answer: Hello, It is always advisable to seek treatment for loss lumbar lordosis before planning for pregnancy as pregnancy itself can cause shifting of the center of gravity entirely and which can further potentiate the postural kyphosis. So seek treatment first and then you may plan

However, our results show a significant (p<0.05) increase in thoracic kyphosis. Another spinal parameter that changed significantly (p=0.031) during pregnancy in our study is the lateral deviation. This could indicate that women compensate for the increasing weight load during pregnancy with a more upright position of the spine Because of the increased bulkiness of the anterior abdomen and the change in a pregnant woman's center of gravity, what type of spinal curvature do many pregnant women develop? kyphosis of the cervical spine kyphosis of the thoracic spine excessive lordosis of the lumbar spine scoliosis of the thoracic spin Scheuermann's kyphosis is a developmental type of kyphosis, meaning that it occurs during growth. Wedging of the vertebrae causes this condition. The vertebrae are normally rectangular-shaped and stacked on top of one another like building blocks with a soft cushion in between each one The aim of this study was to analyze the position of the lumbopelvic region and the muscle activation of erector spinae and biceps femoris muscles in a group of pregnant women in the third trimester. The hypothesis was that pregnancy-related biomechanical and morphological changes modify the position of the lumbopelvic region and the activation of extensor muscles. The position of the lumbar.

Congenital Kyphosis Scoliosis Research Societ

Back Pain During Pregnancy - SpineUnivers

  1. Lordosis is historically defined as an abnormal inward curvature of the lumbar spine. However, the terms lordosis and lordotic are also used to refer to the normal inward curvature of the lumbar and cervical regions of the human spine. Similarly, kyphosis historically refers to abnormal convex curvature of the spine. The normal outward (convex) curvature in the thoracic and sacral regions is.
  2. Degenerative kyphosis: The kyphosis in the lumbar region of the spine, Advertisements. lumbar degenerative kyphosis is characterized by abnormal kyphosis in the lumbar region due to degenerative changes of the spine and supporting structures. In this case, the trunk stoops while walking and pain and dullness are noticed in the lumbar region
  3. al muscles. sway back. form of hyperlordosis cervical spine is slightly extended increased flexion in thoracic spin

Famous Physical Therapists Bob Schrupp and Brad Heineck present the Top 10 Exercises to Stop HunchBack, Kyphosis, and Forward Head Posture. Make sure to l.. This is called congenital cervical kyphosis. No one knows what causes it. Doctors do know that it has nothing to do with anything a mom did when she was pregnant. 2. Something goes wrong in the body. This is called acquired cervical kyphosis. Lots of different things can cause it, such as: injury to the bones of the spine or the ligaments. Spinal deformity rarely occurs in a single plane and is usually in three dimensions. It is often defined as a three-dimensional torsional deformity of the spine and trunk. Combined kyphosis and scoliosis is called kyphoscoliosis. Kyphosis is excessive curvature of the spine in the sagittal (A-P) plane. The normal back has 20° to 45° of. EPABO Contour Memory Foam Pillow Orthopedic Sleeping Pillows, Ergonomic Cervical Pillow for Neck Pain - for Side Sleepers, Back and Stomach Sleepers, Free Pillowcase Included (Firm & Standard Size. 4.2 out of 5 stars. 22,648. $39.99. $39. . 99. 20% coupon applied at checkout. Save 20% with coupon

Kyphosis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Lumbar vertebrae. Author: Alice Ferng B.S., MD, PhD • Reviewer: Dimitrios Mytilinaios MD, PhD Last reviewed: May 31, 2021 Reading time: 10 minutes The lumbar vertebrae are located at the bottom section of the vertebral column, inferior to the rib cage and superior to the pelvis and sacrum.Since these vertebrae are most largely responsible for bearing the weight of the upper body (and. Excess Lumbar Lordosis as an exaggerated lordotic (convex) curvature of the lumbar region, also known as lumbar hyperlordosis or swayback. Temporary excessive lordosis is common during pregnancy. Scoliosis, or a lateral curvature of the spine, is the most common abnormal curvature, occurring in 0.5% of the population. It is more common. The treatment for kyphosis depends on what is causing the condition, the symptoms it is producing and the age of the patient. Lordosis: This deformity is sometimes known as swayback. In lordosis, the lumbar curve of the spinal column, in the lower back, curves excessively inward M40.299 is a billable/specific ICD-10-CM code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis for reimbursement purposes. The 2021 edition of ICD-10-CM M40.299 became effective on October 1, 2020. This is the American ICD-10-CM version of M40.299 - other international versions of ICD-10 M40.299 may differ Introduction Neurofibromatosis (NF) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder affecting the nervous system. NF type 1 (NF1) is more common and accounts for 90% of all neurofibromatosis. NF1 has incidence of 1 in 3500 live births and affects about 75000 people in the US. NF1 involves multiple organ system and symptomatology varies from patient to patient

Sagittal plane correction and normalization of lumbar spinal canal width were observed and maintained at the most recent follow-up at approximately 5 years postoperatively. Treatment of congenital kyphosis secondary to posterior hemivertebrae should aim to obtain a balanced spine and prevent progression of the deformity Cervical kyphosis is a curve at the top of the spine (backbone). Usually, the condition isn't serious, but a pinch in the spinal cord can cause nerve damage. Coronavirus (COVID-19) Updates Learn about the steps we're taking to protect your family's health and safety in our clinics, hospital and Emergency Center Lumbar lordosis. This is a physiological adaptation to changes in abdominal loads. It may occur in obese patients where anterior abdominal adiposity increases or in females during pregnancy where the anterior abdominal weight increases as the foetus grows. Lumbar lordosis is an exaggeration of the lumbar secondary curvature of the vertebral column The Harrison normal spinal model features a circular cervical lordosis, and portions of an elliptical curve for both the thoracic kyphosis (more curvature cephalad), and lumbar lordosis (more curvature caudad). Consequently, features of the normal human spine reveal that the opposite thoracic and lumbar curves meet together at the thoraco. 2.1 Dmso As Pain Relief Chronic Lumbar Pain Kyphosis 3 Mystic Island Kratom Pain Relief Strains Pain Relief You Can Take During Pregnancy 3.1 Pain Relief For Burning In Anus From Diarrhe

Unspecified kyphosis, cervical region. M40.202 is a billable/specific ICD-10-CM code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis for reimbursement purposes. The 2021 edition of ICD-10-CM M40.202 became effective on October 1, 2020 Exercises for lumbar kyphosis. With lumbar kyphosis, exercises are the main treatment method. They should be performed regularly, from 1 to 3 times a day. We can recommend a set of 10 exercises that have the maximum effect on the lower back. Exercise number 1. Full yogic breathing

Kyphosis. Kyphosis is a spinal disorder that causes a rounded or hunched back. It can often result in breathing problems and pain for people who suffer from the disease. There are numerous forms of the disease, including congenital, postural, and Scheuermann's kyphosis. Congenital kyphosis develops before birth The lumbar spine curves inward and, like the cervical spine, has a lordotic or backward C-shape. The curves of the spine can be exaggerated in any plane, leading to pain, deformity and neurologic dysfunction. Some abnormal curves are asymptomatic while other require treatment. Common Postural-Spinal Deviation is Kyphosis, Scoliosis,Lordosis. Congenital kyphosis is a form of abnormal spinal curvature which develops in the fetal stages of life, prior to birth. When a baby is growing inside the womb, the spine is formed in the shape of a letter C, since the cervical and lumbar curvatures are secondary and develop after birth

The lumbar epidural space in pregnancy: visualization by

The Effect of Pregnancy on Your Body's Alignment. During pregnancy several things occur that work against maintaining correct alignment. For one, the weight of the baby causes your lower back to sway as your center of gravity moves forward. Poor Posture (occurs naturally) Your abdominal muscles become stretched as the baby grows The follow-up imaging demonstrated worsening of cervical kyphosis and residual syrinx, therefore vaginal delivery was contraindicated. At 38 weeks gestation, a team approach was developed and the patient underwent fiberoptic intubation (allowing for neutral position of the neck) for general anesthesia and a successful C-section delivery Kyphosis is a type of spinal deformity. Kyphosis is defined as a curvature of the spine measuring 50 degrees or greater on an X-ray. A child can be born with it (congenital) or it can be caused by certain conditions. It is more common in females To investigate longitudinal radiographic changes, and physical characteristics of lumbar degenerative kyphosis (LDK) and spondylolisthesis (DS). Two-hundred eighty nine community-based female subjects were recruited from population register and studied longitudinally for a mean 12.3 years. Upright entire spine radiographs were used to evaluate spinopelvic parameters, including lumbar lordosis.

Fetal load and the evolution of lumbar lordosis in bipedal

effects of Kyphosis & Scoliosis in pregnancy Spine

Round Shouldered Posture (Kyphosis) is a muscular imbalance that causes forward roundness of the low back (flexion of the lumbar spine on the pelvis), increased round shoulder posture (thoracic flexion), and forward head tilt (cervical flexion). Viewed from the lateral perspective, the client is slouched in their standing posture (there is a. Kyphosis. If your upper back is rounded with a curve greater than 50 degrees, you may have kyphosis. Causes. You may develop a rounded upper back for several reasons, including: Poor posture; Congenital birth defect, including abnormal vertebrae or spinal column development; Scheuermann's disease, which causes misshapen vertebra Lordosis is a pronounced inward curving of the lower back or lumbar spine (just above the buttocks). It is also known as 'swayback'. The spine has two other types of curves: kyphotic or an outward curve of the thoracic spine near the ribs known as 'hunchback', and scoliotic (sideways curving)

Another potential indication for multiple lumbar SPOs would be in a patient with mild sagittal imbalance (6-8 cm), where several lumbar SPOs along with anterior interbody structural support at L4-L5 and L5-S1 would help restore sagittal balance. When a smooth kyphosis lacks mobile anterior disks, a PSO may be an alternative LESSEN THE PAIN OF STANDING FOR LONG PERIODS OR SITTING UNCOMFORTABLY AT WORK. Our corrector also lessens the pain associated with hunchback, kyphosis, scoliosis, and pregnancy. Our fully adjustable orthopedic clavicle straps provide support for your lumbar or lower back by bolstering your head, neck and upper back MUSCULOSKELETAL CHANGES DURING PREGNANCY One of the most obvious changes in pregnancy is the alteration of the woman's body. Mechanical changes related to the weight of growing breasts, uterus and fetus, as well as an increase in lumbar lordosis, result in a shift in the woman's center of gravity, which may cause problems with balance. 3 Kyphosis, also called roundback, is a possible complication in which the upper portion of the spine falls off of the lower half, causing increased forward spinal angulation. Long-term outloo

Pregnant with Kyphosis

Kyphosis definition- Kyphosis is a forward rounding of upper back. Some rounding is normal but the term Kyphosis usually refers to and exaggerated rounding, more than 50 degrees. This deformity is also called round back or hunch back. It also leads to kyphosis cervical pain. Kyphosis Causes: Malnutrition. Carrying heavy loads. Improper furniture 3 Common Types of Kyphosis. Postural kyphosis is caused by poor posture and weak back muscles. Scheuermann's kyphosis is the result of a structural deformity, causing the vertebrae to become wedge shaped. Congenital kyphosis is the least common type of kyphosis. It's caused by an abnormal formation of the vertebrae before birth Lordosis tends to make the buttocks appear more prominent. Children with hyperlordosis will have a large space underneath the lower back when lying face up on a hard surface. Some children have marked lordosis, but, most often fixes itself as the child grows. This is called benign juvenile lordosis. Spondylolisthesis may cause lordosis Kyphosis, also known as roundback or hunchback, is an abnormal outward curvature of the thoracic spine. While some degree of curvature is considered normal for the human spine, curves that exceed 50 degrees are considered abnormal. There are three main types of kyphosis that can affect people of all ages Lumbar lordosis is the inward (ventral) curvature of the lumbar spine formed by the wedging of lumbar vertebral bodies and the intervertebral disks , ().Dorsal wedging of the vertebral bodies and disks (anterior part longer than posterior) increases the lordosis angle, whereas more ventral wedging of these structures (anterior part shorter than posterior) reduces the lordosis angle ()

lordosis on Tumblr

Treating Cervical Kyphosis Medical science has advanced to the point where it has become much easier to correct the various spine curvature disorders, including cervical kyphosis and lumbar hyperlordosis. In the case of the first condition, there are both conservative and invasive approaches A common problem affecting elders today is the development of dowager's hump, otherwise known as kyphosis. The condition appears in the form of a humped upper back and affects men and women as. Methods: In this report, we present the case of a 30-year-old female with a normal twin pregnancy. She had been complaining of midthoracic pain after the seventh month of pregnancy with no other symptoms. Normal delivery was done under spinal anesthesia, but the patient's back pain worsened after the delivery, and she left the hospital on Day 4 with the onset of an unsteady gait The thoracic (rib cage) portion of the spine has a normal forward curvature, called kyphosis, which has a normal range (20 to 50 degrees). See Thoracic Vertebrae and the Rib Cage. This forward curvature is matched by reverse curvatures (called lordosis or sway) in the cervical spine (the neck) and the lumbar spine (the low back Scheuermann's Disease of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. The gradual curves of the human spine allow the body to absorb many shocks and stresses in daily life. It's a delicate balance, though, and if part of the spine curves too much, pain and limited mobility may result. Kyphosis is any kind of excessive curvature of the thoracic spine

Lumbar Lordosis and Back Pain - Practical Pain Managemen

Treatable with 8 weeks of QI Spine Therapy. Kyphosis can occur for a variety of reasons, including disc degeneration, osteoporosis, or postural problems. The most common causes of kyphosis include the following: Osteoporosis, which causes bone loss and weakening, can result in crushing of the vertebrae, or compression fractures Their ages ranged from 20 to 30 years old and body mass index did not exceed 30 kg/m 2. Thoracic kyphosis angle, lumbar lordosis angle and pelvic inclination angle were evaluated by the formetric II at 12, 22 and 32 weeks ' gestation in Spinal Shape Analysis Laboratory at Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University

Lumbar kyphosis: causes, symptoms, stages Competently

The former is the result of a structural deformity in the vertebrae and is usually first noticed in adolescence. The latter is the least common and is caused by abnormal development in the vertebrae before birth. Other causes of kyphosis include osteoporosis, spinal infections and tumors, degenerative arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis Abnormal Spinal Postures: Kyphosis and Lordosis Kyphosis OR Lordosis? Kyphosis is also known as roundback, hunchback, or Scheuermann's disease. (2,3) Lordosis is also known as swayback, (2,4) pride of pregnancy, or beer belly Iliopsoas, hamstrings, and abdomina Scoliosis/Pregnancy/ Herring rods placed in spine/Birth Does scoliosis or tight hamstrings affect the size of your penis ? effects of Kyphosis & Scoliosis in pregnancy levoscoliosis of the lumbar spine pregancy with slight levoscoliosis smoking marijuana after scoliosis surgery mild lumbar levoscoliosis scoliosis surgery mild lumbar levoscoliosi 8. Progressive spinal curvature (lumbar lordosis [swayback], 100% of cases; scoliosis [s-shaped curves], 80% of cases; cervical kyphosis [abnormal neck flexion], percentage unknown) 9. Early degenerative changes of joints (100% of cases) Newborn diastrophic babies average 42 centimeters (16.5 inches) in length

Kyphosis during pregnancy - Doctor answers on HealthcareMagi

Tendons blend with the supraspinous ligament of the lumbar spinous processes; Functions: Creates a bowstring effect to increase lumbar lordosis [1]p37 [2] Extends the thorax (decreases the thoracic kyphosis) [1] [3]p180-183; Acting eccentrically, it controls descent of the spine during flexion [4]p70 The degree of final kyphosis can be estimated with the help of the following formula: Y = a + bx . a and b are consonants 5.5 and 30.5, and x is the loss of vertebral body height. Y represents the final angle of kyphosis. Kyphosis exceeding 60 degrees is associated with repeated cord injury and late neurological deficits and must be prevented Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) is a type of progressive arthritis that leads to chronic inflammation of the spine and sacroiliac joints. It can also affect other joints and organs in the body, such as the eyes, lungs, kidneys, shoulders, knees, hips, heart, and ankles. However, AS primarily affects the axial skeleton, including the ligaments and. Lumbar spondylosis can be described as a degeneration of the lumbar vertebrae. It is a form of low back pain and is an important clinical, social, economic and public health problem affecting the worldwide population. It is a disorder with many possible etiologies and many definitions We all know the pride of pregnancy, yet another name f or lumbar lordosis with an upbeat spin. Beer belly has a negative connotation. The posture is similar. Back ache is commonly experienced when lordosis is excessive in the low back because the vertebral bodies, built for support, are no longer bearing the load..

Back Problems | Your Complete Guide to Diagnosing Back PainPreventing Lower Back Pain During Pregnancy | Advanced

Upper-crossed syndrome (UCS) is also referred to as proximal or shoulder girdle crossed syndrome. In UCS, tightness of the upper trapezius and levator scapula on the dorsal side crosses with tightness of the pectoralis major and minor.Weakness of the deep cervical flexors, ventrally, crosses with weakness of the middle and lower trapezius.This pattern of imbalance creates joint dysfunction. Cervical Orthoses: The cervical spine is the most mobile part of the spine with multiple planes of motion and degrees of freedom, which are relevant to the fitting, use and prescription of a cervical orthosis (CO). Additionally, the surface area is small and the amount of external force that can be applied is limited Cervical kyphosis, otherwise known as spinal misalignment is a condition where a person's neck is farther forward than his or her shoulders. It can affect the entire body as the result of poor posture, obesity and bad sleeping habits can cause deterioration in the quality of a person's sleep The below information simply explains the difference between lordosis, kyphosis and scoliosis (bear in mind, lordosis and kyphosis may occur alone or in combination with scoliosis): Lordosis/hyperlordosis - This condition, also known as swayback, refers to a significant inward curve of the lumbar (lower) spine just above the buttocks Kyphosis. Contrary to lordosis, kyphosis is characterized by an outward deviation of the spinal column, evidenced by a hump in the upper back. It can also be caused by poor posture, or a degeneration of the intervertebral disks. In some cases, kyphosis results from a form of arthritis called ankylosing spondylitis

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